Vitamin A

Vitamin A

Vitamins are a form of nutrient (called micronutrients) that are needed in small amounts. Although micronutrients don’t give us energy, they are involved in the metabolic processes that enable us to get energy from carbohydratesprotein and fat, which are also known as macronutrients.

Different vitamins serve different purposes and contribute to different bodily functions. There are 13 vitamins in total and 8 of these come from the B-group of vitamins.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is important because it makes the immune system work effectively so it can fight disease and infections, keeps our skin healthy, supports reproduction and helps in Vision

Food sources of vitamin A

There are different compounds with vitamin A activity in animal and plant foods. Plant foods can be easy to spot as they tend to have orange/yellow pigment known as beta-carotene.

Plant source:

  • orange and yellow fruit and vegetables – such as carrots, red capsicum, mangoes, sweet potatoes, apricots, pumpkin and cantaloupe
  • leafy green vegetables – such as spinach, peas and broccoli.

Animal source:

  • liver
  • eggs

Vitamin A deficiency risks

Increased risk of infections, Night blindness and irreversible blindness and Excessive keratin build-up of the skin.

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